Social Determinants of Health

Posted: July 3, 2018
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Socio-economic and environmental factors play a significant role in a person’s ability to achieve health and wellness. The following section highlights the social determinants of health impacting Angelenos. 

Data from the annual counts of homeless persons in the County shows a 37.9% increase from 2013 to 2017 from 35,524 to 57,205, respectively.

Source: LAHSA 2013 and 2017 Homeless Counts

The number of community clinic patients that lived below 100% federal poverty level increased in SPAs 1, 3, 5, and 7.

Source: OSHPD 2012 and 2015

Through a variety of measures of health, Los Angeles County and the SPAs have wide variation in health indicators.  Many of the indicators are directly impacted by economic and social conditions, and can be mitigated by access to health care. With the exception of a few SPAs, most areas are impacted by high poverty rates, high rates low educational attainment, and high rates of the population who spend more than 30% of income for housing.  These indicators show there are significant proportions of the County’s populations that are living in extreme economic hardship.

Source: CHIS 2012 and 2015

These are key findings from CCALAC’s 2018 Network Adequacy Report.

This project was funded by L.A. Care Health Plan to benefit low-income and uninsured residents of Los Angeles County.